Advancing Knowledge through Technology

Software on CHASS Servers

CHASS operates a collection of networked servers from Silicon Graphics Inc. and Sun Microsystems which use the UNIX operating system. In addition, the Facility operates a number of communications servers, tape units, and disk drives arrays.


  1. Server Platforms
  2. Text Editors
  3. Statistical and Econometric Software
  4. Computer Algebra
  5. Text Processing/Typesetting
  6. Databases
  7. Internet Tools

Server Platforms

  • origin -- SGI
  • carr (lab) -- SGI
  • bebop -- SGI
  • artemis -- Sun
  • ares -- Sun
  • atlantis -- Sun

Commands under Usage refer to commands triggered at the Unix shell prompt (i.e. homes/userid %)

Support levels are: "none" when the software is part of the operating system, "occasional" when the software is from a public domain source and requires only sporadic updates, "priority" if the software is licensed to CHASS and the software is used by many users, and "high priority" if the software was developed by CHASS for CHASS users.

Text Editors

Emacs, Version 18.52, 19.34.1, 20.3.1 and 20.3.2
General purpose text editor.
  • Last Update: 2001
  • Author: Richard Stallman
  • Usage: "emacs filename". Alternative usage (bebop server only): "edit filename" invokes the CHASS customization for Emacs; "Edit filename" invokes the CHASS customization for handling files that contain more than 80 characters per column.
  • Platforms: chass (19.34.1), bebop (18.52), artemis (20.31), ares (20.3.2), atlantis (20.3.1)
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
    • GNU manual
    • John Bossons: The EPAS Editor, EPAS Facility, Toronto, 1991. Available from the Department of Economics Library, 150 St. George Street. (EPAS was our facility name prior to CHASS)
pico, Version 2.5 and 2.9
Pico is a simple, display-oriented text editor based on the Pine mail system composer. As with Pine, commands are displayed at the bottom of the screen, and context-sensitive help is provided. As characters are typed they are immediately inserted into the text. Editing commands are entered using control-key combinations.
  • Authors: Michael Seibel and Laurence Lundblade. Pico is originally derived from MicroEmacs 3.6
  • Last Update: 2002
  • Usage: "pico -t filename" Alternative usage (origin and atlantis only): "edit filename"
  • Platforms: origin, carr, bebop, ares (2.9); artemis, atlantis (2.5)
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
    • built-in help
General purpose screen-oriented text-editor
  • Authors: "vi" was developed by The University of California, Berkeley, California, Computer Science Division, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
  • Last Update: (part of operating system)
  • Usage: "vi filename"
  • Platforms: all servers
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: none (part of operating system)
  • References:
    • Unix system manual page: "man vi"

Statistical and Econometric Software

SAS, Version 6.11 and 6.12
General statistical operations and data management; specialized modules for econometrics, matrix algebra etc.
  • Author: The SAS Institute Inc., Cary/North Carolina
  • Last Update: 2001
  • Modules: SAS/ETS (econometrics); SAS/FSP; SAS/GRAPH (graphics); SAS/IML (matrix algebra); SAS/OR (operations research); SAS/AF; SAS/STAT (general statistics and econometrics); SAS/QC; SAS/ASSIST; SAS/CONNECT; SAS/INSIGHT.
  • Usage: "sas" generates a log file job.log and an output file job.lst
  • Platforms: bebop (6.11), ares and atlantis (8)
  • Local restrictions: one job per user
  • Support level: priority (site license held by UofT, contact for information)
  • References:
    • SAS System Documentation
    • Hill, R. Carter: Learning SAS: a computer handbook for econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1993.
    • Cody, Ronald P.: Applied statistics and the SAS programming language., 3rd ed. New York: North-Holland. 1991.
TSP, Version 4.4
Econometrics, especially time series analysis
  • Author: TSP International, Palo Alto, CA 94306, USA;
    phone: (650) 326-1927.
    fax: (650) 328-4163
  • Last Update: September 1995
  • Usage:
    "tsp job.tsp
    Generates a single output file job.out.
  • Implementation limitations: There are known limitations regarding the number of observations and memory usage. Input lines must not exceed 80 characters.
  • Platforms: bebop, ares, atlantis
  • Local restrictions: one job per user
  • Support level: priority (CHASS site license)
  • References:
    • Bronwyn H. Hall, Rebecca Schnake, Clint Cummins: TSP User's Manual (including an Introductory Guide, TSP International, Palo Alto/Ca.
    • Bronwyn H. Hall: TSP Reference Manual, TSP International, Palo Alto/Ca.
    • TSP home page on the WWW
Shazam, Version 7.0
  • Last Update: January 1993
  • Usage: "shazam < job.szm > job.out". Note the usage of input and output redirection.
  • Platforms: bebop
  • Local restrictions: none
  • References:
    • Kenneth J. White, S. Donna Wong, Diana Whistler, Shirley A. Haun: SHAZAM (Econometrics Computer Program) User's Reference Manual Version 7,0, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993. ISBN 0-07-069862-7.
    • Shazam home page on the WWW (on-line manual)
MATLAB, Version 4.2c
MATLAB is an interactive "matrix laboratory" for tasks involving matrices, graphics and general numerical computations;
  • Last update: November 1994
  • Usage: "matlab" ; subsequent command "diary job.out" generates a single output file job.out.
  • Platforms: bebop
  • Local restrictions: one job per user
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
SPSS, Release 6.14
General statistical operations for social science applications. Primary purpose not econometrical.
STATA, Version 6.0
Stata, an integrated statistical package for Windows, Macintosh, and Unix, is designed for research professionals and is distributed in 124 countries.
  • Last update: January 2000
  • Usage: "stata"
  • Platforms: atlantis
  • Local restrictions: Two user license
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
Limdep, Version 5.1 and 6.0
Limited dependent variable estimation;
  • Last update: 1991
  • Usage: "limdep < job.lim > job.out
  • Platforms: bebop
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: none
  • References:
LISREL v.8.51 and PRELIS v.2.51, HLM v.5.00
Structure Equation Modelling, Hierarchical Modelling;

Computer Algebra

Maple V, Release 3
Symbolic computation
  • Interfaces: ANSI-terminal (maple), X-terminal (xmaple)
  • Last update: April 1994
  • Platforms: bebop
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Usage: "maple -f < job.mpl > job.out" "xmaple" to start an interactive session on an X-terminal.
  • Support level: occasional (CHASS site license as part of the Uoft campus license. Contact at UTCC for more information)
  • References:
    • Bruce W. Char First Leaves: A Tutorial Introduction To Maple V, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993
    • Bruce W. Char Maple V Language Reference Tutorial, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991
    • Bruce W. Char Maple V Library Reference Manual, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991
    • John S. Devitt: Calculus with Maple V, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Pacific Grove/Ca., 1993
    • Wade Ellis, Jr., Maple V Flight Manual / Tutorials for Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Pacific Grove/Ca., 1992
    • Andr√© Heck: Introduction to Maple, Springer Verlag, New York, 1993
    • Maple on the Web
    • Unix manual page: "man maple"

Text Processing / Typesetting

TACT (Text Analysis Computing Tools)
a text-analysis and retrieval system for MS-DOS. Ver. 2.1.5. 1995. See: for further details, including download and ordering information.

TeX 3.14, LaTeX 3.14159
Advanced text typesetting system. Similar in usage to a programming language. Requires learning overhead but provides very sophisticated typesetting tools.
  • Last Update: 1994, 1995.
  • Usage: "tex file.tex", "latex file.tex"
  • Platforms: chass
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: none
  • References:
    • Donald E. Knuth: The TeXbook, Addison-Wesley Publishing Comp., Reading/Mass., 1983.
    • Leslie Lamport: LaTeX User's Guide and Reference Manual, Addison-Wesley Publishing Comp., Reading/Mass., 1986. Now available in a second edition describing LaTeX2e.
    • Michel Goosens, Frank Mittelbach, and Alexander Samarin: The LaTeX Companion, Addison-Wesley Publishing Comp., Reading/Mass., 1994.
    • Tex Users Group
dvips 5.58f
Translates DVI files generated by TeX or LaTeX into PostScript
  • Last Update: 1994
  • Usage: "dvips file.dvi" generates output file
  • Platforms: chass
  • Local restrictions: no postscript printer is connected to CHASS Unix servers
  • Support level: none
  • References:


CHASS Datacentre
  • - a collection of on-line databases and custom built search and retrieval programs maintained by CHASS which include:
    • CANSIM Database
    • Canadian Census Analyser
    • DRI Basic Economics Database
    • IMF Databases (IFS, GFS, BOPS, DOTS)
    • OECD Database
    • World Bank Database
    • CFMRC TSE Database
    • Financial Post Corporate Database
    • Financial Post Mutual Fund Database
    • CRSP Database
    • Oxford English Dictionary 2 (OED 2)

TACTWeb Server
  • a collection of TACT datbases accessible through the TACTWeb server running on a CHASS NT server which include:
    • FreBase - a collection of French journals, literature, and dictionaries compiled by Russon Wooldridge, French Dept., University of Toronto
    • UTEL - Jane Eyre, and Wuthering Heights

Internet Tools

ELM Version 2.5
Electronic mail processor for ANSI terminals.
  • Author: Dave Taylor, USENET Community Trust
  • Last Update: 2001
  • Usage: "elm" (without arguments). You can then read any messages in your incoming mailbox (or specified folder), reply to messages in the mailbox, mail messages, etc.
  • Platforms: chass, artemis
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
    • Chris Leowski: Electronic Mail on CHASS, EPAS Computing Facility, Toronto, 1992. Available from the Department of Economics Library, 150 St. George Street.
    • Unix system manual page "elm".
    • Further information about ELM
    • Unix manual page: "man elm"
pine, Version 3.96 and 4.10
Read and send electronic mail with an easy user interface. Pine is a mail user agent designed primarily for novice users, though it's full featured enough for processing large amounts of mail. It's interactive and runs on ANSI-terminals. Some of the design principles were to keep things simple and straight forward with a limited number of well selected features; to provide the user with a menu to pick commands from; to be forgiving of mistakes so the user can learn while doing without fear of disaster and to provide immediate feedback to the user for each command.
  • Authors: Laurence Lundblade, Mike Seibel, and Mark Crispin.
  • Last Update: 2001
  • Usage: "pine" or "pine.old" to get older version
  • Platforms: chass (3.96 and 4.10), bebop (3.95 and 4.10)
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
    • built-in help
Netscape 2.0 and 4.07
World-Wide-Web Browser for X-terminals; full multi-media features
  • Author: Netscape Inc.
  • Last Update: 1999
  • Usage: "netscape"
  • Platforms: chass (4.07), bebop (2.0)
  • Local restrictions: none.
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
Lynx 2.4.2 and 2.8
World-Wide-Web Browser for ANSI-terminals; restricted multi-media features.
  • Author: Lynx is a product of the Distributed Computing Group within Academic Computing Services of The University of Kansas. Lynx was originally developed by Lou Montulli, Michael Grobe, and Charles Rezac
  • Last Update: 1999
  • Usage: "lynx"
  • Platforms: chass (2.8), bebop (2.4.2)
  • Local restrictions: none
  • Support level: occasional
  • References:
gives instruction in phonetic transcription. Development history: Ver. 1.0. 1992. Macintosh - written in HyperCard. Ver. 2.0 1997 JAVA - runs on any platform. The Hypercard version was used for a number of years in two courses offered by the Linguistics Department here at the U of Toronto. The new JAVA version replaces the old version, allowing access from any platform, and eliminating the need for the CHASS facility to maintain a lab to provide access for the program. See: for further details.